How to Dispose of Biohazard Waste at Home


Most of the biohazard waste comes from healthcare centers such as hospitals and research laboratories. How to Dispose of Biohazard Waste at HomeHouseholds also produce biohazard waste like old medicine, used self-injection syringes, bloody bandages, test kits and so on.

Medical facilities and households are required to dispose of biohazard waste according to FDA regulations. This reduces exposure to potentially infectious pathogens present in bio-medical waste.

In this guide, you’ll learn how to dispose medical waste at home and commercial establishments like health care centers.

Types of Biohazard Medical Waste

1. Solid Biohazard Waste

This refers of all non-sharp solid items that are have been exposed to bloodborne pathogens. Some of these include laundry, protective gear, towels, petri dishes, cloths among others.

2. Sharp Biohazard Waste

Solid items that have the ability to puncture your skin are classified as sharps biohazard waste. This includes needles, scalpels, microscope slides, broken glass and anything else that is likely to pierce your skin.

3. Liquid Biohazard Waste

This includes potentially infectious liquids such as blood and other body fluids like semen and urine.

4. Pathological Waste

Pathological waste refers to detached body parts, organs or tissues during a surgery or biopsy. This also includes body parts that are used during research.

Why Biohazard Waste is Bad to Your Health and Environment

Medical waste is regarded a biohazard due to its ability to cause illnesses to both humans and animals. You also risk infections and injuries from sharp medical waste like needles, scalpels and broken glass.

If not properly disposed, biohazard waste ends up in the surrounding environment including air, water and land. Some of the common illnesses associated with improperly segregated and disposed medical waste include:

  • Bacterial and parasitic infections
  • Lung diseases like tuberculosis
  • Viral infections like HIV and Hepatitis B
  • Skin infections

How to Dispose Different Types of Biohazard Waste

A general thump rule is to segregate biohazard waste to allow safe and convenient disposal. Below is a guide for disposing different types of biohazard waste.

Solid Biohazard Waste

Put all solid biohazard waste in the designated trash cans that are lined with autoclave trash bags. However, this should not include sharp waste like needles, blades, scalpels or broken glass.

For easier identification, biohazard trash cans and bags come with the “biohazard” sign.

Liquid Biohazard Waste

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