How to Clean Rat Urine and Feces

Presence of rat urine and feces in your house exposes you to potentially harmful illnesses including Hantavirus and Tularemia. How to Clean Rat Urine and FecesThis is especially possible when the affected areas are disturbed during cleaning.

Therefore, caution should be observed during clean up after rat infestation to minimize exposure to the excretions. If you have had a rat infestation, then here is a guide on how to clean rat urine and feces.

Related: How to Get Rid of Mold Under Kitchen Cabinets

Why You Should Clean Rat Urine and Feces

1. Risk of Diseases

Rat, mice and other rodents harbor diseases such as Hantavirus, Tularemia, Salmonella and Leptospirosis. Therefore, having these pests or their fecal matter in the dwelling places poses a higher risk of infection transmission to humans.

2. Unpleasant Odor

Rat droppings and urine are associated with a musky and pungent smell. If you have a heavy rat infestation, your house is likely to be engulfed by a heavy stench from the urine and feces. The pungent smell comes from the ammonia in the urine.

3. Stain Your Walls and Wood

If rat droppings stay on surfaces such as wood, they may leave stubborn stains which are hard to clean.

4. Removes Pheromones

Small animals such as rats use pheromones to communicate with each other. Rat droppings will attract new rats to your house since the droppings contain pheromones. So, cleaning and disinfecting the affected areas, can destroy the pheromones and therefore lessen chances of new infestation.

How to Eradicate Rats from the House

If you clean the droppings before eradicating the rats, you’ll end up with the same mess within a few days. So, the first step to clean up after rat infestation is to embark on a thorough rat extermination.

One of the most effective method of eradicating rats is to set traps in the affected areas. You can use snap traps, glue traps or electronic traps.

Set the traps in areas that you see rat droppings and other suspected areas. Once you stumble upon a rat carcass, spray it with a bleaching solution and dispose it safely outside. Be sure to use gloves when handling rodent carcasses.

6 Steps on How to Clean Rat Urine and Feces

Step #1 – Safety First

Small and invisible debris from rat droppings may linger in the air especially when disturbed. Inhaling or ingesting these debris could result in serious infections such as Hantavirus, Tularemia or Salmonella.

In fact, Hantavirus is associated with acute respiratory complications which can lead to death.

Therefore, it’s recommended to wear a respirator mask and latex or rubber gloves. You can use a surgical mask in case you don’t have a respirator mask.

Another safety consideration is to open the windows and doors so that contaminated particles can escape outside.

Step #2 – Spray the Affected Area with Disinfectant

If dry rat droppings are disturbed, small particles will get lifted in the air and spread to the unaffected areas. They may settle on surfaces such as upholstery and therefore put you and your family at risk of infections.

To avoid such incidences, it’s advisable to soak the affected areas with a disinfectant solution. Use a multipurpose sprayer to spray the disinfectant. Allow about five minutes so that the disinfectant can act of the pathogens effectively.

Not only does this inhibit particle movement but it also disinfects the droppings and surface prior to actual cleaning.

Step #3 – Wiping

After five minutes wipe the rat droppings with paper towels and toss them in a plastic bag for later disposal. Use a scrapper to dislodge droppings that are stuck on surfaces.

Now, saturate the surface with the disinfectant and wipe the surface after five minutes. Also wipe areas that are near the affected areas for any invisible rat urine.

If there’re rat droppings on disposable items, spray them with the disinfectant and toss them in the plastic bag.

Step #4 – Machine-Wash Clothes and Upholstery

There’s no limit as to where rats will leave their feces and urine. If there’re rat droppings on clothes and bed sheets, scrap off the debris and wash them in the washing machine. Use the best washing machine cleaner to disinfect the fabrics.

Step #5 – Steam Cleaning

If you have rat droppings on your carpet, first manually remove as much debris as possible. Then clean the carpet with a steam cleaner and an appropriate disinfectant. As the brush spins over the carpet, it pulls out any stuck feces from the fibers.

The steam and disinfectant aids in eliminating odor and disease-causing pathogens.

Step #6 – Dispose the Trash

Once you’re done cleaning, throw the used gloves and mask in the plastic bag and seal it air-tight. Dispose the contents in the trash and wash your hands with a detergent.

How to Keep Off Rats from Your Home

Keeping rats away from your house provides a better way of evading messes and risk of illnesses usually associated with them. Some of the effective interventions for preventing rat infestation include:

  • Sealing all possible access points.
  • Keeping the outdoor trash bin always locked to avoid enticing rats and other rodents.
  • Installing rodent repellents both indoors and outdoors.


Sighting rats or their droppings in the house should give you jitters at once. Not only are they disastrous, but their droppings can put your family at a greater risk of illnesses.

So, it’s advisable to embark on eradicating the rats by using traps. Plus, clean and disinfect the affected areas to eliminate the pathogens contained in rat urine and feces.

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